Science Glossary

Ø  Primarily Undergraduate Institution: Four year college which offers primarily Bachelor’s degrees. Research by faculty at such an institution is performed by undergraduate students, vs. the graduate students at a major research institution who perform scientific studies for completion of their Master’s or PhD degrees.

Ø  Postdoc: Postdoctoral (after PhD) research, during which one furthers his/her expertise in a chosen scientific field and continues to publish novel research. Postdoctoral research experience is often required before a PhD graduate can become a first-time faculty member at a research institution.

Ø  Cellular physiology: study of the mechanisms and functions of the “basic unit of life”, i.e. the cell

Ø  Neuroscience: study of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, nerves, component neurons, etc.)

Ø  Neurophysiology: study of nervous system FUNCTION

Ø  Neuron: electrically excitable cell; processes and transmits information by electrical/chemical signaling across junctions between neighboring cells (i.e. synapses)

Ø  Pharmacological: related to the properties and reactions of drugs, especially with relation to their therapeutic (disease treatment) value – Mirriam Webster Dictionary 

Ø  Retina: the sensory membrane that lines the eye, composed of several layers including one containing the rods and cones. Functions as the immediate instrument of vision by receiving the image formed by the lens and converting it into chemical and nervous signals which reach the brain by way of the optic nerve – Mirriam Webster Dictionary

Eye and Retina